I have led research on the cultural policy frameworks, resulting impacts and legacies of large scale events since 1998. I have documented the Cultural Olympiad since its start in 1912 and the European Capital of Culture programme since its launch in 1985. I have also hit the streets, conducting fieldwork at every Olympic Games since 2000 and at most European Capitals of Culture since 2007. I am Culture Advisor to the International Olympic Committee and member of the European Capital of Culture Selection Panel. I direct international research at the University of Liverpool.